[page 321-323]

Index

AAdministration—of Kashmir by British  9.
Afghanistan—watermarks  127.
Aliwal, Battle of  9.
BBacon, E.D.,“Reprints”  62,  248.
Bailey, Dr. Grahame  24,  33,  286.
Beckton, W. Dorning, Collection  35,  96,  100,  107,  122,  172,  186,  198.
Bisected stamps  105,  168,  187.
“Brighton” Forgeries  261,  264,  268,  276.
British:—
      Administration in Kashmir  9.
      Annexation of Kashmir by  9.
      Post Offices in Kashmir  22-23,  212.
British-Indian stamps used in Kashmir  312.
British Museum—Tapling Collection  31,  35,  82,  93,  108,  141.
CCancellations  22,  210,  214.
Cancellations—
      cancelled-to-order  147,  240,  283.
      on remainders, reprints and official forgeries  240,  241.
      pen-and-ink  23.
CANCELLED overprint on remainders  200.
CANCELLED overprint on reprints  254.
Cleaning of Stamps  282.
Collectors & Collections:—
      Bacon, E.D.,  62,  248.
      Bailey, G.  24,  33,  286.
      Beckton, W.D.  35,  96,  100,  107,  122,  172,  186,  198.
      Dawson, L.E.  100.
      Earl, F.C.  35,  87.
      Evans, E.B.  35,  57,  83,  93,  95,  123,  159,  172,  182,  263.
      Godfrey, S.H.  11,  33,  49,  73,  85,  196,  202,  286.
      Hancock, F.H.  35,  47,  49,  78,  96,  135.
      Harrison, G.  93.
      Kay, A.B.  277.
      Kiernander, E.T.  251
      Legrand, Dr.  35,  76,  266.
      Lincoln, W.S.  64.
      Madden, T.E.  173.
      Masson, D.P.  7,  40,  42,  46,  61,  86,  139,  166,
              172,  182,  196,  203,  249,  263,  272.
      Mortimer, C.H.  7.
      Pemberton, E.L.  30,  36,  95.
      Philbrick, Judge  95.
      Phillips, C.J.  96.
      Séfi, A.J.  7,  35,  39,  42,  69,  107,  108,  253.
      Simons, Father  48.
      Stewart-Wilson, C.  5,  53,  58,  105,  175.
      Tapling, British Museum  31,  35,  82,  93,  108,  141.
      Wilson, W.T.  270.
      Worthington  35.
      Yardley, R.B.  35,  38,  39,  42,  47,  87,  204.
Composite Plates:—
      Jammu Rectangulars  71.
      Kashmir Rectangulars  90.
      New Rectangulars  118.
Controls—embossed  136.
Corruption of native officials  59,  249.
DDak Zaruri—Private stamp of Maharaja  69.
Dates—Translation of  320.
Dawson, L.E.  100.
Defaced Dies and Plates  202.
De la Rue  285,  290.
Diaries—Official  11.
Die I Forgeries  29,  258.
Dies:—
      Circular  28.
      Circular (forged)  29,  258.
      Defacement of  202.
      Kashmir ½-Anna  90.
      Kashmir 4-Annas and 8-Annas  90.
      “Missing”  31,  59,  260,  267.
      Telegraph Stamps  286.
EEarl, F.C.  35,  87,  107.
Embossed “Controls”  136.
Engraver—“State”  19,  70,  72.
Engraver—Specimen book of  20.
Essays  32,  91.
Evans, Major E.B.  35,  57,  83,  93,  95,  123,  159,  172,  182,  263.
FFaked Denominations  282.
Father Simons  48.
Forgeries:—
      “Brighton” Forgeries  261,  264,  268,  276.
      For Collectors  272.
      Circulars  258.
      “Die I”  29,  258.
      “Missing Die”  31,  59,  260,  267.
      New Rectangulars  269.
      Old Rectangulars:—
            Jammu  263.
            Kashmir  265.
      Postally used  269.
      Postmarks  210,  223,  282.
      Telegraph  289.
Franks  14.
GGodfrey, Captain Stuart H.  11,  33,  49,  73,  85,  196,  202,  286.
Gulab Singh  8,  9,  286.
Gum  101.
HHancock, Capt. F.H.  35,  47,  49,  78,  96,  135.
Harrison, Gilbert  93.
IImpressions:—
      Double  181,  190,  294,  299,  303,  305.
      Of defaced dies and plates  203.
Indian Stamps used in Kashmir  312.
JJammu:—
      Old Rectangular Forgeries  263.
      Plate of  71,  72.
      Printings  149.
      Reprints  252.
      Seal obliterations  23.
      “Seal” Provisional  85.
      Stamps used in Kashmir  74.
KKashmir—Historical  7.
Kashmir Province:—
      Old Rectangular Forgeries  265.
      Plates and Dies  90.
      Printings in (Srinagar)  150.
      Reprints  253.
      Seal Provisional  85.
      Stamps used in Jammu  103.
Kay, A.B.  277.
Kiernander, E.T.  251
LLabels:—
      Post Office instruction  243.
      Registration  234.
Ladakh—Province of  8,   286.
Legrand, Dr.  35,  76,  266.
Leh:—
      Post Offices at  216,  221.
      Provisionals of  168,  175.
      Seal of  23.
Lincoln, Collection  64.
“Little Tibet”  286.
MMadden, Lieut. T.E.  173.
Masson, Sir D.P.  7,  40,  42,  46,  61,  86,  139,  166,
        172,  182,  196,  203,  249,  263,  272.
“Missing Dies”  31,  59,  260,  267.
Moens, M.  93,  94,  159.
Mortimer, C.H.  7.
NNative Post Offices  213.
New Jammu printings  149.
New Rectangulars  109.
New Rectangular Forgeries  269.
New Srinagar printings  165.
Numerals—Translation of  20.
OObliterations  22,  210.
Obliterations forged  282.
Official:—
      Corruption  249.
      Diaries  11.
      Forgeries  251,  275.
      Reprints  248.
      Stamps  188.
Oilcolours:—
      Circulars  59.
      Rectangulars  80,  87.
Old Rectangulars:—
      Proofs  90.
      Stamps  71.
Oxidation (see sulphuration)
PPandits  11.
Paper, Manufacture of  25.
Papers:—
      Bâtonné  83,  132,  162.
      Laid  25,  160.
      Native  25.
      Of New Rectangulars  122.
      Pelure  135.
      Thin laid  133.
      Watermarked127.
      Wove:—
            Thin wove  132.
            Thick brownish wove  25.
            Yellow  136,  144.
Pemberton, E.L.  30,  36,  95.
Pen-and-ink cancellations  23.
Perforation  138,  154,  156.
Philbrick, Judge  95.
Phillips, C.J.  96.
Plates:—
      Defacement of  202.
      Jammu  71.
      Kashmir  90.
      New Rectangulars  112.
      Printing positions of  119.
      States of  110,  112,  176.
      Unissued (¼-Anna)  114.
Poonch—connections with Kashmir  70,  203.
Postal rates  13.
Postcards  205.
Postmarks  210,  282.
Postmarks—Unification of  213,  235.
Post Offices:—
      British  22-23,  211.
      Instruction labels  243.
      List of  246.
      Native  210,  211.
Posts—Prior to Postage Stamps  11.
“Prepared for issue” (stamps)  35,  200.
Printings:—
      In black (Official)
            Made at Jammu  72,  149,  160.
            Made at Srinagar  72,  149,  165.
Proofs:—
      Kashmir Rectangulars  90.
      New Rectangulars  195.
      Telegraph Stamps  288.
Punjab—Sialkot—British P.O. for Jammu  211,  212.
RRahat Ju (engraver)  19,  72,  112.
Ranbir Singh  9,  55,  70.
Re-issues111,  144.
Remainders with official cancellations  240,  241.
Reprints:—
      Of postal issues97,  248.
      Telegraphs  289.
      with official cancellations  240,  241.
Revenue—Forgeries to defraud  269.
Runners, Carriage of early posts by  13.
SSeal,engraving  19.
Seals:—
      Chronology of  104.
      Jammu  13,  14,  23,  212.
      Kashmir  14,  211.
      Leh  23,  211.
      Private  104.
      Provisional  85.
      Srinagar  13,  23,  104,  211.
Séfi, Collection  7,  35,  39,  42,  69,  107,  108,  253.
Sheet—Watermarks  127.
Sialkot  211,  212,  217,  229.
Sikhs:—
      Annexation of Kashmir by  8.
      Expulsion of by British  9.
Simons—Controversy  48.
Single Dies  90.
Special printings:—
      Of Circulars  46.
      Of Jammu Rectangulars  79.
Specimen book of engraver  20,  196.
Split Provisionals  105,  168,  187.
Srinagar  19.
Srinagar—Seal of  23.
“State Printer”  73.
Stewart-Wilson, Sir Charles  5,  53,  58,  105,  175.
Sulphuration  104.
TTapling, Collection  31,  35,  82,  93,  108,  141.
Telegraph stamps  284.
Telegraph Treaties  317.
Thibet  286.
Translation:—
      of Numerals  20.
      of Year Dates  320.
UUnification of Postmarks  213,  235.
Unissued Plate (¼-Anna)  114.
VVisitors’ half-rate privilege  105,  163.
WWatercolours  32.
Watermarks of:—
      Afghanistan stamps  127.
      Laid paper  127.
      Postcards  208.
      Wove paper  127.
Weights—allowed by postal rates  33.
Wilson, W.T.  270.
Worthington, Collection  35.
YYardley, R.B.  35,  38,  39,  42,  47,  87,  204.
Year Dates, translation of  320.
“Yellow paper”  136,  144.
ZZaruri, Dak  69.


List of Plates

Plate 1: Franks preceding the first circular postage stamps. Figs. 1, 2. Struck in dull purple for Jammu. Fig. 3. Struck in dull orange for Kashmir.

Plate 2: The first “Seal” Obliterators. (Native Post Offices.) Fig. 1. The small circular seal of Srinagar used as a “Frank.” Figs. 2, 3. The small circular seal of Jammu. (Normal and clear impressions.) Fig. 4. The square black seal of Jammu.

Plate 3: The Circular Stamps. Figs. 1, 2, 3. The original dies. Figs. 1a, 2a, 2b, 3a. The “Missing-die” Forgeries. Fig. 4. The “DAK ZARURI.”

Plate 4: The ½-Anna red on European wove paper (1878).

Plate 5: The “Indigo” and “Blue-black” watercolour circulars. Fig. 1. Circular 1-Anna indigo used in Kashmir with a Kashmir ½-Anna Rectangular (1868). Fig. 2. The Same indigo Circular used in Jammu with a ½-Anna Jammu indigo Recangular. Fig. 3. The same indigo Circular used in Jammu with red Jammu Rectangulars (1870 or later). Fig. 4. The 1-Anna Circular in blue-black used in July, 1876.

Plate 6: The Circular watercolour printing in orange (1872) (4-Annas). (Used with a Jammu ½-Anna Rectangular stamp printed in the same colour).

Plate 7: The Jammu Old Rectangulars. Watercolour printing. Fig. 1. A single plate-impression showing the four types. Fig. 2. A strip of plate-impressions (in orange) with the 1-Anna value removed.

Plate 8: Jammu watercolour Old Rectangulars. (Showing unspaced plate-impressions.) Fig. 1. The 1-Anna (centre stamp) with two ½-Anna stamps (Type 4) se-tenant. Figs. 2, 3. Unspaced repetition of the upper half of the Plate (Types 1 and 2).

Plate 9: Jammu Old Rectangulars. The oil-printing on thick European wove paper (October 1877).

Plate 10: The Jammu Seal-Provisional (September 1877).

Plate 11: Kashmir Province Old Rectangulars. The single-die ½-Anna (1866).

Plate 12: Kashmir Old Rectangulars. The First Composite Plate. Fig. 1 The ½-Anna (20 Types). Fig. 2. The 1-Anna (5 Types).

Plate 13: Kashmir Old Recangulars. Second composite plate. Fig. 1. Quarter-Anna (5 Types.) Fig. 2. Two Annas (5 Types). Note. The illustration of the 2-Annas has been obtained from a strip of the oil Reprints owing to the unsuitability of the orginals for reproduction. This shows, in the top margin, the four circular rivets (typical of the Reprints) which are NOT present on originals.

Plate 14: Proofs of the Old Rectangulars. Second Composite Plate (¼ + 2-Annas) of Kashmir. This Proof, together with that of the First Composite Plate which has been found unsuitable for illustration, was obtained from the Engraver’s Reference book.

Plate 15: Kasmir Old Rectangulars. Fig. 1. Essay for the single-die ½-Anna of 1866. Fig. 2. Proof of the single-die 8-Annas of 1867. Fig. 3. A Printing from the two upper rows only of the ½-Anna blue (Types 4, 5 and 8, 9, 10).

Plate 16: Kashmir Old Rectangulars. Fig. 1. 4-Annas tête bêche. (Right stamp inverted.) Fig. 2 8-Annas ditto. (Both upper stamps inverted.) Figs. 3, 4, 5, 6. “Missing Die” Forgeries of the 2 (First state and with crack) 4 and 8-Annas.

Plate 17: Kashmir Old Rectangulars. Provisional (1877) Bisected 1-Anna used as a ½-Anna stamp.

Plate 18: The New Rectangulars. Plate of the ⅛-Anna. (State I.)

Plate 19: The New Rectangulars. Plate of the ¼-Anna in State I.

Plate 20: The unissued ¼-Anna plate.

Plate 21: The New Rectangulars. Plate of the ½-Anna in State I.

Plate 22: The New Rectangulars. ½-Anna (State I) showing the perforation of the “A” machine.

Plate 23: The New Rectangulars. Plate of the 1-Anna in State I.

Plate 24: The New Rectangulars. Plate of the 2-Annas in State I.

Plate 25: The New Rectangulars. Composite 4-Annas + 8-Annas Plate in State I. (Part reconstructed. For a complete impression in State II see Plate 30.)

Plate 26: The New Rectangulars. Plate-States I and II of the quarter-Anna.

Plate 27: The New Rectangulars. Plate-States II and III of the half-Anna.

Plate 28: The New Rectangulars. Plate-States I and II of the one Anna.

Plate 29: The New Rectangulars. Plate-States I and II of the two Annas.

Plate 30: Composite Plate (State II) of the 4-Annas (uppeer half) and 8-Annas (lower half), showing a simultaneous printing with the ½-Anna Plate, also in State II and inverted. (Note.—Compare with Plates 20 and 25 for these two plates in State I, and with Plate 19, Fig. 12 for a simultaneous printing from the ½-Anna plate in State III).

Plate 31: Relative plate positions during simultaneous printings.

Plate 32: Relative plate positions (Continued).

Plate 33: The Leh Provisionals (1883). (Diagonal bisections used as half-Anna stamps). Fig. 1. Half-Anna red. Fig. 2. One Anna orange.

Plate 34: the ½-Anna black official stamp on laid paper. Perforted 10-12, printed and used in Jammu. (The only two specimens yet known.)

Plate 35: Proofs of the New Rectangulars. ½-Anna printed in watercolour-black and perf. 10-12.

Plate 36: New Rectangular Proofs (Continued) The 2-Annas printed in watercolour-black and perf. 13-16.

Plate 37: Impressions from the Defaced Dies and plates. Fig. 1. The ½-Anna. Fig. 2. The 1-Anna. Fig. 3. The 4-Annas, Circular Dies. Fig. 4. The Jammu Plate.

Plate 38: The first Composite Kashmir Plate (½+1-Anna). (After Defacement.)

Plate 39: Fig. 1. The second Composite Kashmir Plate (¼+2-Annas). Figs. 2, 3. The Kashmir 4-Annas and 8-Annas Dies. (After defacement.)

Plate 40: The ⅛-Anna New Rectangular Plate. (After defacement.)

Plate 41: The ¼-Anna New Rectangular Plate. (After defacement.)

Plate 42: The ½-Anna New Rectangular Plate. (After defacement.)

Plate 43: The 1-Anna New Rectangular Plate. (After defacement.)

Plate 44: The 2-Annas New Rectangular Plate. (After defacement.)

Plate 45: The Composite 4-Annas + 8-Annas New Rectangular Plate. (After defacement.)

Plate 46: Fig. 1. The unissued ¼-Anna Plate. Fig. 2. The Postcard Plate. (After defacement.)

Plate 47: The postcard plate. Fig. 1. State 1. Setting low. Fig.2. State 1. Setting high. Fig. 3. State I. Setting level. Fig. 4. State II. Setting low.

Plate 48: Special Obliterations of Jammu (1878). Fig. 1. The “DAK JAMMU” on an Oil-printed Circular. Fig. 2. The same obliteration on a New Rectangular stamp. Fig. 3. The octagonal obliteration with Persian inscription. (See Chapter xiv, Nos. 32, 33.)

Plate 49: Mailbag seals used for stamp-obliteration. Fig. 1. Srinagar. Fig. 2. Jammu. Figs. 3, 3a. Jasrota. Fig. 4. Jasmergarh. Fig. 5. Kathua. Fig. 6 Basohli. Fig. 7. Anant Nag.

Plate 50: Post Office instruction labels. Figs. 1 to 5. Inscriptions in English. Figs. 6 to 9. Native Inscriptions.

Plate 51: Circular Forgeries. Figs. 1, 2. “Die I.” Figs. 3, 4, 5. Old Forgeries (later). Figs. 6, 7, 8. The “Brighton” forgeries.

Plate 52: Forgeries of the Old Rectangulars. Figs. 1, 2. Jammu Plate ½-Anna. Figs. 3, 4. Kashmir Single-die ½-Anna. Figs. 4, 6.Kashmir Plate ½-Anna. Fig. 7. Kashmir Plate ¼-Anna.

Plate 53: Forgeries of the New Rectangulars made to defraud the Revenues. (a) Private die-forgeries. Figs. 1, 2 (½-Anna). Figs. 3, 4 (1-Anna). (b) Plate forged by the Postal Officials. Fig. 5 (8 Annas).

Plate 54: Single-die forgeries made by the postal Officials. Figs. 1, 2, 3. The ¼, ½ and 1-Anna with broad borders. Figs. 4, 5, 6. The same values with borders corrected. Figs. 7, 8. The 2-Annas in original and corrected forms. Figs. 9, 10. The 4-Annas and 8-Annas.

Plate 55: The Native-printed Telegraph stamps (1884). Figs. 1, 2. The 1-Anna, 2-Annas. Figs. 3, 4. The 4-Annas, 8-Annas. Figs. 5, 6. The 1-Rupee, 2-Rupees. Fig. 7. The 5-Rupees. Fig. 8. Forgery of the 1-Rupee.

Plate 56: Native Telegraph form used in 1889. Showing despatch halves of three 1-Anna and three 2-Annas stamps.

Plate 57: The De la Rue Telegraph Stamps (1897-1932). Figs. 1 to 4. The ½, 1, 2 and 4-Annas. Figs. 5 to 8. The 8-Annas, 1, 2 and 5-Rupees. Fig. 9. Fiscal, 1-Anna Receipt stamp.

Plate 58: British-Indian stamps used (in British P.O. only) in Kashmir. Fig. 1. The ½-Anna, issue of 1865, re-issued to British P.O. Sialkot in 1888 (used in Jammu). Fig. 2. The 8-pies, issue of 1860, used from British P.O. in 1869 (used in Kashmir).

Plate 59: Jammu-Kashmir and Poonch. Fig. 1. New Rectangular stamp with obliterations of Poonch and Jammu City. Fig. 2. Poonch stamps with Poonch and Jammu obliterations. Kashmir postmarks above.

  To top of page