[page 294]

Chapter XVIII.

Check Lists.

The Check Lists which follow deal with:—

1.  The Issued Stamps.
2.  Stamps “prepared for issue.”
3.  Essays and Proofs.
4.  Postcards.
5.  Telegraph Stamps.

Check Lists have already been given of the Reprints and Forgeries in the Chapters allotted to them. It may be useful to preface those which follow with a brief summary of the principal alterations now made in existing catalogues, as far as these relate to the issued stamps.

(A.)  Circulars.

 (i)  Additions:—
      (a)  A doubly-printed variety of the first ½-Anna black.
      (b)  Royal blue (Watercolour) — the first of all the printings in blue.
      (c)  Blue-black (Watercolour) — a previously unrecorded stamp of 1876.
      (d)  Orange (Watercolour) — the first record [in the colour] for any Circular stamp.

 (ii)  Modifications:—
      (a)  The 1-Anna black of 1866 is removed to the “prepared for issue” class, unknown used.
      (b)  “Indigo” is now used in place of “blue-black” to describe the stamps of 1867-68.
      (c)  Blue-black is now used to describe a previously unrecorded stamp of 1867.

[page 295]

      (d)  The 1-Anna and 4-Annas of 1877-78 in black oilcolour on both Native and European laid paper are rejected as unknown.

(B.)  Jammu Old Rectangulars.

 (i)  Additions:—
      (a)  A rare printing in dull carmine-red. (Watercolour.)
      (b)  The “Seal Provisional”—recorded by Masson but not hitherto catalogued.
      (c)  The first record of the use of European wove paper.
      (d)  The addition of a second variety of European laid paper.

 (ii)  Modifications:—
      (a)  Watercolours:—The three catalogued shades Indigo, Ultramarine and Violet-blue are treated as of secondary importance as, also, are those of Red and Orange-red.
      (b)  Oilcolours:—“Deep green” is rejected for both denominations as having never existed. “Red-brown” is not considered worthy of separate classification.

(C.)  Kashmir Old Rectangulars.

 (i)  Additions:—
      (a)  A doubly-printed variety of the ¼-Anna black.
      (b)  Two new colours—Chestnut and Venetian-red for classifying the earliest printings of the 1-Anna.
      (c)  An officially-authorised bisected 1-Anna (Provisional).
      (d)  An early and rare printing in myrtle-green of the 4-Annas.
      (e)  A tête-bêche variety of the 8-Annas red.

 (ii)  Modifications:—
      (a)  The rejection of Yellow and Brown-orange as shades of the 1-Anna.
      (b)  The rejection of the 4-Annas red catalogued as an “Error of Colour.”

[page 296]

(D.)  New Rectangulars.

 (i)  Additions:—
      (a)  The subdivision of all printings into two—those made at Jammu and, later, at Srinagar.
      (b)  The first record of a perforated Official stamp (½-Anna).
      (c)  The officially authorised bisected Provisionals of Leh (½-Anna and 1-Anna, 1883).
      (d)  The first record of a wove paper for Official stamps (¼-Anna, 1889?)
      (e)  The first record of a watercolour printing for the 8-Annas on thin laid.
      (f)  The admission to specific rank of the ½-Anna buff, and the 8-Annas greyish-lilac.
      (g)  The first record of the 8-Annas in reddish-brown (not known used).
      (h)  A separate classification for the “pure white” thin wove paper of 1889-94.

 (ii)  Modifications:—
      (a)  The rejection of the perforated 2-Annas violet-blue.
      (b)  The rejection of the 2-Annas on yellow thin laid paper.
      (c)  The rejection of the 4-Annas green on thin laid paper.
      (d)  The removal of the 8-Annas blue on thin wove paper from its place among ordinary printings to a separate “watercolour” class.
      (e)  The classification of the ¼-Anna green and the ½-Anna in dull blue and bright blue as “Stamps prepared for issue” instead of as Reprints or merely “fancy impressions.”

[page 296-97]

1. Check List of Issued Stamps.

(A.)  Circulars.
I. Printed in Jammu for use in Both Provinces. Watercolours on native paper.

½-Anna—Grey-black (March, 1866)
      —also doubly printed
1-Anna : 4-Annas—Royal blue (March, 1866)
1-Anna : 4-Annas—Ultramarine (May, 1866)
1-Anna : 4-Annas—Indigo (1867)

II. Printed and Used in Jammu Only.
(a)  Watercolours on native paper.

(i)   Standardized Printings.

½-Anna : 1-Anna : 4-Annas—Red (1869-77)
½-Anna : 1-Anna : 4-Annas—Orange-red (1871-73)
1-Anna—Orange (1872)

(ii)   Special Printings (1874-76).

½-Anna—Black : Yellow  (Known used and unused)
½-Anna : 1-Anna—Bright blue  (Known used and unused)
4-Annas—Blue-black  (Known used and unused)
½-Anna : 1-Anna : 4-Annas—Emerald-green  (Known used and unused)
1-Anna : 4-Anna—Black  (Known only unused)
4-Annas—Bright blue  (Known only unused)
1-Anna : 4-Annas—Yellow  (Known only unused)

(b)  Oilcolours on native paper (July 1877-78).

½-Anna : 1-Anna—Red  (Known used and unused)
½-Anna—Black  (Known used and unused)
½-Anna : 1-Anna—Slate-blue  (Known used and unused)
½-Anna : 1-Anna—Sage-green  (Known used and unused)
4-Annas—Red : Black : Slate-blue : Sage-green  (Known only unused)

(c)  Oilcolours on European laid paper, often watermarked (1877-78).

½-Anna : 4-Annas—Red  (Known used and unused)
½-Anna—Black : Yellow  (Known used and unused)
½-Anna : 1-Anna : 4-Annas—Slate-blue  (Known used and unused)
1-Anna—Red  (Known only unused)
4-Annas—Sage-green  (Known only unused)

(d)  Oilcolour on thick brownish wove (“sugar”) paper (April, 1878).

½-Anna—Dull red  (Known only used)

[page 298]

(B.)  Jammu Old Rectangulars.
I. Printed from the Plate at Jammu Stamp-Printing Office.

(a)  Watercolours on Native paper.

½-Anna + 1-Anna—Greyish-black (13 Sept. 1867)
      —Used stamps must shew the circular magenta seal.
½-Anna + 1-Anna—Indigo : Ultramarine : Violet-blue (1867-68)
½-Anna + 1-Anna—Red : Orange-red (May, 1868-77)
      —Variety on very coarse thick native paper shewing wide laid lines.
½-Anna + 1-Anna—Orange (1872)
½-Anna + 1-Anna—Dull carmine-red (1876)

Special Printings  (1874-76).

½-Anna + 1-Anna—Black : Bright blue : Emerald green
      —Used stamps must shew the square black seal.

(b)  Oilcolours on various papers.

½-Anna + 1-Anna—Red—Native paper (June (?) 1877)
½-Anna + 1-Anna—Brownish red—Thin laid bâtonné paper (June 1877)
½-Anna + 1-Anna—Red—Thick rough horiz. laid paper (Aug. 1877)
½-Anna + 1-Anna—Red—Thinner smooth vert. laid paper (Sep. 1877)
      —The Seal Provisional was issued here.
½-Anna + 1-Anna—Dull red—Thick white wove paper (Oct. 1877)
½-Anna + 1-Anna—Brownish-black : Steel-blue-black—Native paper (Jan. 1878)

II. Printed from the Square Obliterator at the Post-Office.
The Jammu Seal-Provisional. Watercolour on Native Paper
(½-Anna). No value expressed—Rose-red (Sep. 1877).

[page 299]

(C.)  The Kashmir Old Rectangulars.
Printed at Srinagar in watercolours and on Native Paper varying from thick to semi-pelure.

(i)  Printed from a single die:—
½-Anna—Black (Sep.(?) 1866)

(ii)  Printed from the first Composite Plate: ½-Anna (20 Types) + 1-Anna (5 Types):—

½-Anna + 1-Anna—Black (April 1867)
½-Anna + 1-Anna—Ultramarine (Error, June, 1867)
      —These were the only printings made from the entire plate. Those which
          follow were taken separately from each of the two denominations.

½-Anna—Violet-blue (1870-71)
½-Anna—Bright blue (1876)
1-Anna—Chestnut (1867-70)
1-Anna—Venetian red (1867-68)
1-Anna—Orange (1871-75)
1-Anna—Orange-vermilion (1876-78)

(iii)  Printed from the second Composite Plate: ¼-Anna (5 Types) + 2-Annas (5 Types):—

¼-Anna—Black (1867-78)
        —also doubly printed.
2-Annas—Buff (1867...)
2-Anna—Yellow (1873...)

(iv)  Printed from single dies:—

4-Annas—Sage green (1867)
4-Annas—Myrtle green (1868 ?)
4-Annas—Emerald green (1868-78)
4-Annas—Emerald green (Variety — Tête-bête)
8-Annas—Red (shades) (1867-78)
8-Annas—Red (Variety — Tête-bêche)

(Stamps bisected and used at half face-value.)

½-Anna—Ultramarine (Cut vertically)
1-Anna—Orange-vermilion (Cut horizontally)

[pages 300]

(D.)  The New Rectangulars.
I.  Jammu Printings. 1878-80. All Plates in State I.
(a)  Laid paper often watermarked and varying greatly in thickess:—

(i)  Rough perf. 10-12.

¼-Anna—Red (1878)
½-Anna—Brown-red (May, 1878)
½-Anna—Slate-blue (Aug., 1878)
½-Anna—Black (Official, Sep., 1878)

(ii)  Rough perf. 13-16

1-Anna—Red (1879 ?)
1-Anna—Bright violet

(iii)  Imperforate.

½-Annas—Slate (shades)
1-Anna—Dull purple (Feb., 1879)
1-Anna—Bright violet (Dec., 1879)
2-Annas—Deep violet-blue (Aug., 1878)
2-Annas—Bright violet (Dec., 1879)
2-Annas—Dull ultramarine (Known only unused)
      —The above colours were probably experimental.
         Those which follow are standardized.
½-Anna—Red (Sep., 1878)
½-Anna—Black (Official, L.P.F.)
1-Anna—Black (Official, L.P.F.) : Red
2-Annas—Black (Official, L.D.) : Red
4-Annas—Red (Nov., 1879)

(b)  Wove paper, normally unwatermarked.

(i)  Rough perf. 10-12.

½-Anna—Red (Jul., 1878)

(ii)  Imperforate.
The ½-Anna, 1-Anna and 2-Annas occur on wove paper of abnormal thickness.

¼-Anna—Red (1879 ?)
      —The ¼-Anna black on thick white wove paper is from an
         abnormal printing made at Srinagar from the Plate in State II.
½-Anna—Red (Jun., 1879)
1-Anna—Red (1880 ?)
1-Anna—Black (Official)
2-Annas—Red (Dec., 1879)

[page 301]

(c)  Thin toned wove unwatermarked paper.

(i)  Rough perf. 10-12.
½-Anna—Red (May, 1878)

(ii)  Imperforate.

The following cannot be recognised as Jammu-printed unless the Plate-state is known. The two Officials can only be separated from others printed at Srinagar by evidence of Plate-state when unused or, if used, by the type of obliteration.

¼-Anna—Red (1879 late)
½-Anna—Red (Mar., 1879)
½-Anna—Black (Official)
1-Anna—Red (Nov., 1878)
1-Anna—Black (Official)
2-Annas—Red (Sep., 1879)
4-Annas—Red (Feb., 1880)
8-Annas—Red (Known only as a Re-issue)

(d)  Coarse thin toned wove paper.

4-Anna—Red (Known only as a Re-issue)
8-Annas—Red (Known only as a Re-issue)

(e)  Thin laid bâtonné paper.
Printed imperforate in watercolour at Jammu.

¼-Anna—Blue watercolour (Mar., 1880)

[page 302]

II. The Srinagar Printings.
(A.)  Issue of 1880-81. (All Plates in State II.)

(a)  Thin toned wove paper, fine to coarse in texture. Imperforate.

¼-Anna—Red (1880-84)

These three stamps cannot be distinguished, with certainty, from those printed at Jammu from the Plates in State I. The Srinagar-printed 1-Anna red was re-issued in or after 1890 at Leh, and, probably, elsewhere also. The reason for this brief Srinagar-printing in red of the ¼-Anna, ½-Anna and 1-Anna denominations only is unknown.

(B.)  Issue of 1881-82. (Same papers. All Plates in State II.)

(i)  Rough perf. 10-12.

(ii)  Imperforate.

¼-Anna : ½-Anna : 1-Anna : 2-Annas—Orange
4-Annas : 8-Annas—Orange : Dull orange

(C.)  The Leh Provisionals.
Stamps bisected diagonally and each half used as a ½-Anna denomination.

½-Anna—Red (April, 1883)
1-Anna—Orange (1883 ?)

[page 303]

(D.)  Issues of 1883-94.

The ⅛-Anna plate in State I.; the ½-Anna in State III., and the remaining plates in State II. All stamps imperforate.

(a)  On toned thin wove paper, fine to coarse, as before.

⅛-Anna—Brownish-yellow to Buff
⅛-Anna—Dull yellow (1886)
¼-Anna—Deep red-brown : Brown
      —also doubly printed.
½-Anna—Red : Pale red : Brownish-red : Venetian red
½-Anna—Vermilion (1887)
½-Anna—Orange : Orange-red (1889-92)
1-Anna—Grey-green (Native pigments 1883-89)
1-Anna—Bistre to Brown (Native pigments 1883-89)
1-Anna—Blue-green to Greenish-yellow (Native pigments 1883-89)
1-Anna—Grey-green : Green : Greenish-black (European pigments 1890-94)
4-Annas—Bright yellowish-green : Pale dull green : Green : Olive green : Deep blue-green
8-Annas—Deep blue : Dull blue : Dull violet-blue : Bright ultramarine

(b)  On thicker paper.
8-Annas—Slate to Indigo-black

1889 (?)  Printed in watercolour — (“a” paper).

[page 304]

(c)  On fine “pure white” thin wove. (1889-94)

⅛-Anna—Dull yellow
¼-Anna—Pale brown : Chocolate
½-Anna—Buff (1890)
½-Anna—Rose (1892)
1-Anna—Yellow green (pale to deep)
1-Anna—Olive green (pale to deep)
1-Anna—Bright green
4-Annas—Yellow green : Bright green
8-Annas—Pale blue : Bright blue : Grey-blue :
        Pale bluish-slate : Greyish lilac

(d)  Thin creamy laid paper (1887-94)

⅛-Anna—Dull yellow
¼-Anna—Brown : Chocolate
8-Annas—Greyish-blue Watercolour (1889(?))

The 2-Annas (1883-94).
(a)  Semi-pelure wove (coloured).

2-Annas—Red on greenish-yellow paper (1883-91)
2-Annas—Red on yellow-green paper (1884-93)
2-Annas—Red on green paper (1888-92)
2-Annas—Orange-red on yellow paper (Dec., 1889-92)

(b)  Thin coarse wove (coloured).

2-Annas—Dull orange-red on yellow paper (1891-92)
2-Annas—Red on yellow paper (1892-94)

[page 305]

The Srinagar-Printed Official Stamps.
(All Plates in State II.: the ½-Anna in State III. after 1882.)

1880-1889. Thin toned wove paper—fine to coarse. Imperforate.

      —also doubly printed.
½-Anna—Black (States II. and III.)
1-Anna : 2-Annas : 4-Annas : 8-Annas—Black

1889 (?) Stout white wove paper.

1889-94. Fine thin “pure white” wove paper.
¼-Anna : ½-Anna : 1-Anna : 2-Annas : 4-Annas : 8-Annas—Deep black

1887-94. Thin fine creamy laid paper.
¼-Anna : ½-Anna : 1-Anna : 2-Annas : 4-Annas : 8-Annas—Black

Variety on coarser yellowish thin laid paper.
½-Anna—Black (Known only unused)

[page 306]

2. Check List of Stamps “Prepared for Issue.”.

(Not from the Engraver’s book.)

I.  Printed from Plates of issue.

(a)  Coarse toned thin wove.

½-Anna—Greyish-blue (State III., 1886 ?)
8-Annas—Reddish brown (State II.)

(b)  Fine “pure white” thin wove.

¼-Anna—Green (State II., 1894 ?)
½-Anna—Bright blue (State III., 1894?)

II.  Printed from the unissued ¼-Anna Plate. (1886?)

(i)  Native paper—Rose (State I.)
(ii)  Thin toned wove—Rose-red : Vermilion : Black (all State I.)
(iii)  Thin toned laid—Vermilion (State I.) : Black (State II.)
(iv)  Thin “pure white” wove—Vermilion : Black (both State II.)

3. Check List of Essays and Proofs.

No Essays or Proofs are known from the Circular Dies or the Jammu Plate, except the “Proofs of Defacement.” Colour or paper trials were, very probably, taken from the Jammu Plate, but these were issued as stamps.

A large proportion of the Proofs which follow were taken at Srinagar and filed by the Engraver for reference and for the approval of the Maharaja. Such proofs are marked (*).

The Kashmir Old Rectangular Proofs.
(a)  Essays

* 1866 (?).  Die-Essay (unfinished). Watercolour on coarse diagonally laid paper.
½-Anna—Greyish black

[page 307]

(b)  Proofs.

* 1866 (?).  Watercolour on native paper.
First Composite Plate—½-Anna (20 Types) + 1-Anna (5-Types)—Black
Second Composite Plate—¼-Anna (5 Types) + 2-Annas (5-Types)—Black
Single Die—8-Annas—Greyish black

1866 (?).  Watercolour on rose-tinted pelure paper.
¼-Anna : 2-Annas (?) : 4-Annas : 8-Annas—Black

1867 (?).  Watercolour on thin wove bâtonné paper.
1-Anna—Chestnut : Orange (?)

1876 (?).  Watercolours on white laid paper. (Wide lines.)
½-Anna—Milky blue
4-Annas—Pale emerald green
8-Annas—Brick red

1877 (?).  Watercolour on thin or semi-pelure white laid paper.

1877 (?).  Watercolour on pelure wove paper.

1877 (?).  Watercolour on thin wove paper.
4-Annas—Pale emerald green
8-Annas—Brick red : Bright red

1878 (?).   Oil colours on white laid paper.
4-Annas—Yellow green

1878 (?).   Oil colours on coarse toned medium wove paper.

[pages 308]

Proofs of the New Rectangulars.
(Printed at Srinagar.)

I.  Proofs Pre-dating the First Issue: Plates in State I.

*1878 (?).  Watercolour on thin bluish wove paper. Rough perf. 10-12.

*1878 (?).  Watercolour on thin laid bâtonné paper. Rough perf. 13-16.
1-Anna : 2-Annas—Black

(Note—All proofs which follow are in ordinary printer’s ink unless the contrary is stated.)

II.  Proofs take During Issue-Period: Plates in Later States.
(i)  Proofs differing essentially from issued stamps.

(a)  On native paper.
¼-Anna—Red (State II.)
½-Anna—Red : Blue : Yellow-green (Plate-State unknown)
4-Annas—Green (State II.)

*(b)  On laid paper: Plates in State II.
¼-Anna—Black : Brown
4-Annas—Black : Green

*(c)  Watercolour on fine toned thin wove.
8-Annas—Greenish blue (State II.)

*(d)  On coarse toned thin wove paper.
½-Anna—Greyish blue (State III.)
8-Annas—Reddish brown (State II.)

*(e)  On fine “pure white” thin wove.
⅛-Anna—Black (State I.)
¼-Anna—Green (State II.)
½-Anna—Bright blue (State III.)

[pages 309]

*(f)  On coarse medium green wove.
2-Annas—Red (State II. early)

(ii)  Proofs in the nature of “imprimatur sheets,” filed in the Engraver’s book, but not otherwise differing from issued stamps.

Plate of the ½-Anna in State III.: of the ⅛-Anna in State I., and remainder in State II.

*(a)  Laid paper.
2-Annas—Black : Orange-red

*(b)  Thin creamy laid.
⅛-Anna—Dull yellow
¼-Anna—Black : Brown
1-Anna—Black : Greyish-green
2-Annas : 4-Annas—Black

*(c)  Yellow semi-pelure paper.

“Proof of Defacement.”

As noted in Chapter XIII., all Dies and Plates of Jammu-Kashmir were officially defaced in February, 1898, with the exception of the Die of the ½-Anna of the Kashmir Province, but including the Postcard-die and the second (unissued) ¼-Anna Plate. A small number of impressions were officially taken from all of these, immediately after defacement, in black on toned wove papers varying considerably in thickness.

Impressions were also taken, probably unofficially and at a later period, from the defaced dies of the three Circulars and of the 4-Annas of the Kashmir Old Rectangulars in bright violet on a very thin white laid paper.

[page 310]

4. Check List of Postcards.

Plate-state “A” (Without Flaw).
Setting I. (Low).

(a)  1883. Stout white or cream laid, often shewing portions of watermarks.
¼-Anna—Dull red : Dull orange

(b)  1884. Similar paper but bluish.
¼-Anna—Dull red : Venetian red : Dull orange-red

(c)  1884. Thick opaque white or cream wove paper. Unwatermarked.
¼-Anna—Dull red (1887)
              —also printed on both sides, error.
¼-Anna—Orange : Orange-red (1890-92)

Setting II. (High) —Same paper.
¼-Anna—Orange : Pale dull red

Setting III. (Level) —Same paper.

Plate-state “B” (With Flaw under “Sun”).
Setting IV. (= IA). Same paper.
¼-Anna—Red : Pale red : Venetian red : Rose red
¼-Anna—Rose red (also doubly printed.)
¼-Anna—Black (prepared for Official use but not used.)

5. Check List of Telegraph Stamps.

Native Designs Issued During the Postage Stamp Period.

I. Proofs.

On fine toned thin wove paper.
1-Anna—Yellowish green

[page 311]

II. Issued Stamps (1884-1896).

(i)  On thin wove papers of the postage-stamps—
(a)  Fine toned, (b)  Coarse toned, and (c)  Fine “pure white.” The Black are Officials:

1-Anna—Yellow-green  :  Blue-green  :  Black
2-Annas—Brown  :  Bistre-brown  :  Chocolate  :  Black
4-Annas—Ultramarine  :  Grey-blue  :  Black
8-Annas—Yellow-brown  :  Dull yellow  :  Black
1-Rupee—Red  :  Scarlet  :  Black
2-Rs.—Myrtle-green  :  Black
5-Rs.—Chocolate  :  Black
10-Rs.—Vermilion  :  Black
25-Rs.—Violet  :  Black

(ii)  On thin creamy laid paper of the postage-stamps. (1887-94)

1-Anna—Green  :  Yellow-green  :  Black
2-Annas—Bistre-brown  :  Black
4-Annas—Deep ultramarine  :  Black
8-Annas—Dull yellow
1-Rupee—Red  :  Black

► Chapter XIX.

To top of page