Some ba comparative forms: Dev. , Gur. , Guj. .
Contrast with va forms: Dev. , Gur. , Guj. .


ba. Also renders va, wa. Just as Dogri tends to replace Sanskrit ya with ja, so the Sanskrit va goes to Dogri ba. So if given a choice between something like Jamvū and Jambū, such as on the first postmark below, we shall opt for the transcription b. The crossing element is explicit in the following Jambū and absent in the tivat ~ Tibet:

riyāsat jambū va kaśmīr tivat hā. The means “etc.” From a the fiscal receipt stamp.


Baisākh ~ बैसाख ~ بيساكھہ . First month of the Hindu solar calendar answering to mid-April to mid-May. Compare the बैसाख with बैशाख, baiśākh. Also seen in the literature are such as baishākh, vaishakh, vaisākha, etc.

baisākh 31 ~ May 11. We have yet to see the two bars over the initial element for the -ai diacritic, but the long-a for the - is at least behaving.

baisākh 15 ~ 25 April.

baisākh 19 ~ 29 April

baisākh 22 ~ 2 May.

baisākh 1935 ~ April/May 1878. Spelled with an actual -kh, not the usual k.

baisākh 3 ~ 14 April.

1937 baisākh 27 ~ 7 May 1880.

baisākh 26 ~ 6 May, with cover corroboration.

baisākh 29 ~ 9 May.

baisākh for 1937 ~ 1880 in the second and third lines. ‘Sialkot’ appears at top. The expected diamond of bars segment of this duplex is not really visible on the right-hand edge of the envelope. See next entry.

baisākh 13 ~ April 23. The diamond of bars shows a little better here on the right edge.

baisākh 4 ~ April 14 on the Srinagar Circle. ‘Srinagar’ at top in the usual blobby impression. Other is on the post-1886 Jammu Circle. Images taken from internet.


bārah ānā 12 ~ twelve annas. Lower section same in Urdū, not Persian.

Basohli, māgh 3 ~ January 13 [1893].

bāzār ~ bazaar, the ja serving as za.

masūl bākī ~ postage due. Dogri prefers b to v. This is the Srinagar seal; another much like it exists for Sialkot.

lambar. Transcription of ‘number’ from English. The dot is the 'm' here. Taken from a Staal-Sharma restrike of a Jammu registration seal.

Tibbat. Taken from the native postcard, where “Tibet” refers to “Little Tibet,” which is to say, Ladakh and Baltistan. The va elements are crossed to formally make a ba form.


Some bha comparative forms: Dev. , Gur. , Guj. .

Bhādo(n) ~ भादो ~ بهادون . The fifth month of the Hindu solar calendar answering to mid-August to mid-September. The literature also sees such as bhādom, bhādra, bhādro, bhādrom, bhādrapad, bhadau, etc.

bhādro 23 ~ 7 September. The caret over the final element ra makes for the ro. The long-a with the bha is indicated by the little v-diacritic here connected to it. At the top is Srinagar.

bhādro 23 and 24 ~ 8 and 9 September on the early Jammu and Srinagar Circles, respectively. The numeral in the obliterator is ७ = 7.

bhādo 15 ~ August 29, the lower line. Top line is Syalkoţ.

bhādo 18 ~ 1 September on the early version of the Jammu Circle.


bha. A composed variant from ba + ha.

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