The Transitional Year 1877-78

By Implement      By Color-family      By Paper

This page is a listing of diverse material, only some of it postal, that was produced between April 1877 and May 1878, though the Haverbeck auction cited a February 1877 advent for the oilcolor black on European laid paper. The status and precise dating of much of it is unknown. Certain oil-printings on European laid paper may have been paper trials of the year in question. Or they could be Jammu reprints (that is, non-postals produced after the advent of the New Rectangular plates in May 1878 but before the permanent removal of the plates to Srinagar in the spring of 1881). A date given in the table is merely the earliest we have so far encountered, the reckoning of which we are only now starting to tackle.

Symbols: The implements are accorded letter tags: A, B, C for the three circular dies, D is the ½a Kashmir single die, EF for the two parts of the First Kashmir Plate, GH for the two parts of the Visitors’ plate, I is the Iron-mine Seal, J is the Jammu plate, K and L for the 4as and 8as dies.


Transitionals, Arranged by Implement
A25postal May '77½a black oilnative
A26postal Feb? '77½a black oilEuro laid
A27postal½a slate-blue oilnative
A28postal½a slate-blue oilEuro laid
A29postal½a bluish-grey oilnative
A30postal½a bluish-grey oilEuro laid
A31postal½a steel blue oilnative
A32postal½a vermilion-red oilnative
A33postal½a deep red oilnative
A35postal½a orange-vermilion oilnative
A36postal½a orange-red oilnative
A37postal½a deep orange-red oilnative
A38postal½a ochre-yellow oilEuro laid
A39postal Jul '77½a olive-green oilnative
A40postal½a olive-green oilEuro laid
A41postal Mar '78½a bright red oilEuro laid
A42postal Mar '78½a brown-red oilnative
A43postal Mar '78½a brown-red oilEuro laid
A43apostal Apr '77½a brown-red oilEuro laid
A44postal Mar '78½a deep brown-red oilnative
A45postal Apr '78½a dull rose-red oil“sugar” wove
A46color trial?½a slate-violet oilEuro laid
A47color trial?½a rosine oilnative
A48color trial?½a brick-red oilnative
A49color trial?½a carmine-lake oilEuro laid
A50color trial?½a blue-green oilnative
A51paper trial½a sage-green oiltoned wove
B20postal1a slate-blue oilnative
B21postal1a slate-blue oilEuro laid
B22postal1a bluish-grey oilnative
B23postal1a bluish-grey oilEuro laid
B24postal1a blue-black oilnative
B25postal1a blue-black oilEuro laid
B26postal1a steel-blue oilnative
B27postal1a steel-blue oilEuro laid
B28postal1a violet-blues oilEuro laid
B29postal1a vermilion-red oilnative
B30unused only?1a brown-red oilEuro laid
B31postal1a deep red oilnative
B32postal '781a brown-red oilnative
B33postal1a yellow oilEuro laid
B34postal1a olive-green oilnative
B35color trial?1a violet-blue oilEuro laid
B36color trial?1a brick-red oilnative
B37color trial?1a sage-green oilnative
C30postal4as black oilnative
C31postal4as bluish-grey oilnative
C32postal4as bluish-grey oilEuro laid
C33postal4as olive-green oilnative
C34postal4as olive-green oilEuro laid
C35postal4as red oilnative
C36postal '784as orange-red oilnative
C37postal '784as brown-red oilEuro laid
C38color trial?4as sage-green oilnative
C39color trial?4as steel blue oilnative
C40color trial?4as rosine oilnative
C41color trial?4as brick-red oilnative
C42color trial?4as brown-red oilnative
E15paper trial½a milky-blue waterwhite laid
E16color trial?½a brown-red oilnative
E17color trial?½a rosine oilnative
F15paper trial1a black waterwhite laid
F16paper trial1a ultramarine waterwhite laid
F17paper trial1a orange waterthin pelure wove
F18paper trial1a chestnut waterthick laid
F19paper trial1a chestnut waterthin wove bâtonné
F20expt printing1a black oilnative
F21expt printing1a slate-black oilnative
F22expt printing1a black oiltoned-wove
F23expt printing1a brown-black oiltoned-wove
F24expt printing1a bright bluish-grey oilnative
F25expt printing1a deep blue oiltoned wove
F26expt printing1a grey-blue oiltoned wove
F27expt printing1a dull orange oilnative
F28expt printing1a yellow-green oilnative
F29expt printing1a yellow-green oiltoned wove
F30expt printing1a brown oiltoned wove
F31expt printing1a brownish-red oiltoned wove
F32expt printing1a vermilion oiltoned wove
G05paper trial¼a black waterrose pelure
G06paper trial¼a black water‘onionskin’
G07expt printing¼a black inkwhite laid
G08expt printing¼a black inktoned laid
G09expt printing¼a black inkcoarse toned wove
H10paper trial2as black waterrose pelure
H11paper trial2as yellow waterpelure wove
H12paper trial2as yellow waterthin laid
I01fake circ? Apr '77½a rose-red waternative
I02fake rect? Sep '77½a rose-red waternative
J30postal ½a+1a black oilnative
J31postal ½a+1a ‘red’ oilsnative
J32postal ½a+1a vermilion red oilnative
J33postal ½a+1a deep red oilnative
J34postal ½a+1a red oilthin laid bâtonné
J35postal ½a+1a red oilthick horiz laid
J36postal ½a+1a red oilmed vert laid
J37postal ½a+1a dull red oilthick wove
J38postal ½a+1a blue-black oilnative
J39postal ½a+1a brownish-black oilnative
J40postal '78 ½a+1a brown-red oilnative
J41color trial?½a (only) steel-blue oilnative
J42color trial? ½a+1a bright blue oilnative
J43color trial? ½a+1a brown-red oilnative
J44color trial? ½a+1a vermilion oilnative
J45color trial? ½a+1a bluish-green oilnative
J46color trial? ½a+1a yellow-green oilnative
K10paper trial4as black waterpale rose pelure
K11paper trial4as emerald waterthick white laid
K12paper trial4as emerald waterwhite pelure wove
L10paper trial8as black waterpale rose pelure
L11paper trial8as brick-red waterthick white laid
L12paper trial8as brick-red waterwhite pelure wove
L13color trial?8as brick-red oilEuro laid


Same, Arranged by Color-family
A25postal May '77½a black oilnative
A26postal Feb? '77½a black oilEuro laid
C30postal4as black oilnative
F15paper trial1a black waterwhite laid
F20expt printing1a black oilnative
F21expt printing1a slate-black oilnative
F22expt printing1a black oiltoned-wove
F23expt printing1a brown-black oiltoned-wove
G05paper trial¼a black waterrose pelure
G06paper trial¼a black water‘onionskin’
G07expt printing¼a black inkwhite laid
G08expt printing¼a black inktoned laid
G09expt printing¼a black inkcoarse toned wove
H10paper trial2as black waterrose pelure
J30postal ½a+1a black oilnative
J38postal ½a+1a blue-black oilnative
J39postal ½a+1a brownish-black oilnative
K10paper trial4as black waterpale rose pelure
L10paper trial8as black waterpale rose pelure
A27postal½a slate-blue oilnative
A28postal½a slate-blue oilEuro laid
B20postal1a slate-blue oilnative
B21postal1a slate-blue oilEuro laid
A29postal½a bluish-grey oilnative
A30postal½a bluish-grey oilEuro laid
B22postal1a bluish-grey oilnative
B23postal1a bluish-grey oilEuro laid
C31postal4as bluish-grey oilnative
C32postal4as bluish-grey oilEuro laid
A31postal½a steel blue oilnative
B26postal1a steel-blue oilnative
B27postal1a steel-blue oilEuro laid
J41color trial?½a (only) steel-blue oilnative
C39color trial?4as steel blue oilnative
A46color trial?½a slate-violet oilEuro laid
B24postal1a blue-black oilnative
B25postal1a blue-black oilEuro laid
B28postal1a violet-blue oilEuro laid
B35color trial?1a violet-blue oilEuro laid
E15paper trial½a milky-blue waterwhite laid
F16paper trial1a ultramarine waterwhite laid
F24expt printing1a bright bluish-grey oilnative
F25expt printing1a deep blue oiltoned wove
F26expt printing1a grey-blue oiltoned wove
J42color trial? ½a+1a bright blue oilnative
A32postal½a vermilion-red oilnative
A33postal½a deep red oilnative
A35postal½a orange-vermilion oilnative
A36postal½a orange-red oilnative
A37postal½a deep orange-red oilnative
A41postal Mar '78½a bright red oilEuro laid
A42postal Mar '78½a brown-red oilnative
A43postal Mar '78½a brown-red oilEuro laid
A43apostal Apr '77½a brown-red oilEuro laid
A44postal Mar '78½a deep brown-red oilnative
A45postal Apr '78½a dull rose-red oil“sugar” wove
A47color trial?½a rosine oilnative
A48color trial?½a brick-red oilnative
A49color trial?½a carmine-lake oilEuro laid
B29postal1a vermilion-red oilnative
B30unused only?1a brown-red oilEuro laid
B31postal1a deep red oilnative
B32postal '781a brown-red oilnative
B36color trial?1a brick-red oilnative
C35postal4as red oilnative
C36postal '784as orange-red oilnative
C37postal '784as brown-red oilEuro laid
C40color trial?4as rosine oilnative
C41color trial?4as brick-red oilnative
C42color trial?4as brown-red oilnative
E16color trial?½a brown-red oilnative
E17color trial?½a rosine oilnative
F31expt printing1a brownish-red oiltoned wove
F32expt printing1a vermilion oiltoned wove
I01fake circ? Apr '77½a rose-red waternative
I02fake rect? Sep '77½a rose-red waternative
J31postal ½a+1a ‘red’ oilnative
J32postal ½a+1a vermilion red oilnative
J33postal ½a+1a deep red oilnative
J34postal ½a+1a red oilthin laid bâtonné
J35postal ½a+1a red oilthick horiz laid
J36postal ½a+1a red oilmed vert laid
J37postal ½a+1a dull red oilthick wove
J40postal '78 ½a+1a brown-red oilnative
J43color trial? ½a+1a brown-red oilnative
J44color trial? ½a+1a vermilion oilnative
L11paper trial8as brick-red waterthick white laid
L12paper trial8as brick-red waterwhite pelure wove
L13color trial?8as brick-red oilEuro laid
A38postal½a ochre-yellow oilEuro laid
B33postal1a yellow oilEuro laid
H11paper trial2as yellow waterpelure wove
H12paper trial2as yellow waterthin laid
F17paper trial1a orange waterthin pelure wove
F27expt printing1a dull orange oilnative
A39postal Jul '77½a olive-green oilnative
A40postal½a olive-green oilEuro laid
A41postal Mar '78½a bright red oilEuro laid
A50color trial?½a blue-green oilnative
A51paper trial½a sage-green oiltoned wove
B34postal1a olive-green oilnative
B37color trial?1a sage-green oilnative
C33postal4as olive-green oilnative
C34postal4as olive-green oilEuro laid
C38color trial?4as sage-green oilnative
F28expt printing1a yellow-green oilnative
F29expt printing1a yellow-green oiltoned wove
J45color trial? ½a+1a bluish-green oilnative
J46color trial? ½a+1a yellow-green oilnative
K11paper trial4as emerald waterthick white laid
K12paper trial4as emerald waterwhite pelure wove
F18paper trial1a chestnut waterthick laid
F19paper trial1a chestnut waterthin wove bâtonné
F30expt printing1a brown oiltoned wove


Same, Arranged by Paper-type
A25postal May '77½a black oilnative
C30postal4as black oilnative
J30postal ½a+1a black oilnative
J38postal ½a+1a blue-black oilnative
B24postal1a blue-black oilnative
J39postal ½a+1a brownish-black oilnative
A27postal½a slate-blue oilnative
B20postal1a slate-blue oilnative
A29postal½a bluish-grey oilnative
B22postal1a bluish-grey oilnative
C31postal4as bluish-grey oilnative
A31postal½a steel blue oilnative
B26postal1a steel-blue oilnative
A32postal½a vermilion-red oilnative
B29postal1a vermilion-red oilnative
J32postal ½a+1a vermilion red oilnative
A33postal½a deep red oilnative
B31postal1a deep red oilnative
J33postal ½a+1a deep red oilnative
A35postal½a orange-vermilion oilnative
A36postal½a orange-red oilnative
A37postal½a deep orange-red oilnative
C35postal4as red oilnative
J31postal ½a+1a ‘red’ oilnative
A39postal Jul '77½a olive-green oilnative
B34postal1a olive-green oilnative
C33postal4as olive-green oilnative
A42postal Mar '78½a brown-red oilnative
A44postal Mar '78½a deep brown-red oilnative
B32postal '781a brown-red oilnative
C36postal '784as orange-red oilnative
J40postal '78 ½a+1a brown-red oilnative
F20expt printing1a black oilnative
F21expt printing1a slate-black oilnative
F24expt printing1a bright bluish-grey oilnative
F28expt printing1a yellow-green oilnative
F27expt printing1a dull orange oilnative
C39color trial?4as steel blue oilnative
J41color trial?½a (only) steel-blue oilnative
J42color trial? ½a+1a bright blue oilnative
A48color trial?½a brick-red oilnative
A47color trial?½a rosine oilnative
C40color trial?4as rosine oilnative
E17color trial?½a rosine oilnative
B36color trial?1a brick-red oilnative
C41color trial?4as brick-red oilnative
C42color trial?4as brown-red oilnative
E16color trial?½a brown-red oilnative
J43color trial? ½a+1a brown-red oilnative
J44color trial? ½a+1a vermilion oilnative
A50color trial?½a blue-green oilnative
C38color trial?4as sage-green oilnative
B37color trial?1a sage-green oilnative
J45color trial? ½a+1a bluish-green oilnative
J46color trial? ½a+1a yellow-green oilnative
I01fake circ? Apr '77½a rose-red waternative
I02fake rect? Sep '77½a rose-red waternative
A26postal Feb? '77½a black oilEuro laid
A28postal½a slate-blue oilEuro laid
A30postal½a bluish-grey oilEuro laid
B21postal1a slate-blue oilEuro laid
B23postal1a bluish-grey oilEuro laid
B25postal1a blue-black oilEuro laid
B27postal1a steel-blue oilEuro laid
B28postal1a violet-blue oilEuro laid
C32postal4as bluish-grey oilEuro laid
B30unused only?1a brown-red oilEuro laid
A38postal½a ochre-yellow oilEuro laid
B33postal1a yellow oilEuro laid
A40postal½a olive-green oilEuro laid
C34postal4as olive-green oilEuro laid
A41postal Mar '78½a bright red oilEuro laid
A43postal Mar '78½a brown-red oilEuro laid
A43apostal Apr '77½a brown-red oilEuro laid
C37postal '784as brown-red oilEuro laid
A46color trial?½a slate-violet oilEuro laid
B35color trial?1a violet-blue oilEuro laid
A49color trial?½a carmine-lake oilEuro laid
L13color trial?8as brick-red oilEuro laid
J34postal ½a+1a red oilthin laid bâtonné
J35postal ½a+1a red oilthick horiz laid
J36postal ½a+1a red oilmed vert laid
F15paper trial1a black waterwhite laid
E15paper trial½a milky-blue waterwhite laid
F16paper trial1a ultramarine waterwhite laid
L11paper trial8as brick-red waterthick white laid
H12paper trial2as yellow waterthin laid
K11paper trial4as emerald waterthick white laid
F18paper trial1a chestnut waterthick laid
G07expt printing¼a black inkwhite laid
G08expt printing¼a black inktoned laid
F22expt printing1a black oiltoned-wove
F23expt printing1a brown-black oiltoned-wove
F25expt printing1a deep blue oiltoned wove
F26expt printing1a grey-blue oiltoned wove
F31expt printing1a brownish-red oiltoned wove
F32expt printing1a vermilion oiltoned wove
F29expt printing1a yellow-green oiltoned wove
F30expt printing1a brown oiltoned wove
G09expt printing¼a black inkcoarse toned wove
A51paper trial½a sage-green oiltoned wove
G06paper trial¼a black water‘onionskin’
G05paper trial¼a black waterrose pelure
H10paper trial2as black waterrose pelure
K10paper trial4as black waterpale rose pelure
L10paper trial8as black waterpale rose pelure
L12paper trial8as brick-red waterwhite pelure wove
H11paper trial2a yellow waterpelure wove
F17paper trial1a orange waterthin pelure wove
K12paper trial4as emerald waterwhite pelure wove
F19paper trial1a chestnut waterthin wove bâtonné
J37postal ½a+1a dull red oilthick wove
A45postal Apr '78½a dull rose-red oil“sugar” wove

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