The Bard Papers: State Offices

Jammu     Sialkot Agency     Srinagar     Leh and Others     Unidentified


Jammu State Offices

The b/w graphics on these pages are illustrations provided by Anthony Bard and the purple scans are modern restrikes (Staal-Sharmas) done in ink with the original implements. Unless a stamp intrudes to establish the scale nothing about relative size is to be inferred from the scans or illustrations, which were obtained here and yon under different conditions. The prefix SJ on the Type Numbers stands for State Offices in Jammu. The British Office at Jammu superseded the State Office from April 1891; those markings are prefixed with BJ.



SJ1.  The Jammu Frank, 3 August 1861 to 16 March 1865. Séfi misreads an 1865 cover bearing it as 1866 because part of the date plug shows around the number “5”, thus “(5”. It is listed incorrectly as 1870 in Prassoli. Images Bard.



SJ2.  Jammu Round Seal in magenta, was theoretically available from the beginning, 23 March 1866. But the first attestation may be the item shown in the Harell Sale #562 for 17 May 1866, a two-month lapse. Some material of the interim was pen-cancelled. The seal's impression is mirror-reversed, hence the re-inversion above for easier reading. A last dating may be 6 May 1868, a two-year career.



SJ2a.  Jammu Round Seal in black, from 15 June 1868, and is absent by 15 April 1870. The image is a detail from January 1869 cover in the Hellrigl collection.



This sorting seal, struck in red, is seen on a 1 April 1866 Srinagar to Amritsar cover in the Hellrigl collection. Struck in black, it is seen on a May 1866 cover from the shawl agent G. Gosselin.



SJ3.  Jammu Octagonal Iron Mines Obliterating Seal in black is known from 15 April 1870 to 19 August 1879 ~ 13 Bhadon. Image is a modern Staal-Sharma reprint in purple ink.



SJ3a.  As above but struck in red in alleged provisional use as a stamp from 21 September to 2 December 1877. The black obliteration (obliterating itself) is its use as SJ3. Detail from a cover in the Hellrigl collection.



SJ4.  Jamvu cds in black is known from 1-4 July 1878 and is absent by 22 August 1886. Compare the top line with SJ9 below. The middle line is occupied by any of the twelve months, here Baisakh.



SJ5.  DAK JAMMU seal in black is known intermittently from 20 October 1876 to 15 April 1878.



SJ6.  Mohr Dak Jammun Octagon in black is known from 10 April (29 Chet) to 26 August (20 Bhadon) 1879. The top two lines read mohr Jamvu ~ ‘seal of Jammu’ in Dogri script, followed by mohr Jammūn in Persian at the bottom.



SJ7.  Jammu ‘1’ Obliterator in black is known from 7 September (24 Bhadon) 1879 to 1 January 1891.


SJ7a.  The variant Jammu 12-bar in purple for official use.



SJ8.  State 10-bar Obliterator A, Jammu regular type known from 18 September 1887 to December 1890. Types B and C are known for other venues, listed downscreen.


SJ9.  Jammu cds in black is known from 22 August (8 Bhadon 1943) 1886 to 5 January 1891 (23 Poh 1947). Compare with SJ4 above.



SJ10.  This registration seal, seen sporadically throughout the 1879-90 period, was struck at Jammu on September 1881. Type #216 in Staal, p 244. There were at least 11 types, but despite evidence of wear most are not known in postal use. The second and third lines are asking for a number (lambar) and the weight (tola). The last line wants a date, where its ta may stand for tārīkh. See also SS4.


Sialkot Mail Agency


SST1.  Sialkot Mail Agency duplex in black is known from 13 October 1878 to 4 September 1888. It is known from 14 March 1880 to 31 January 1881 on all outgoing State mail via Sialkot. On incoming mail from Punch it is known from 5 October 1883 to 4 September 1888.



SST2.  Sialkot Mail Agency postage due (masūl bakī) seal is known from 14 March 1879 to 4 September 1888. Not to be confused with the Srinagar version SS5 downscreen.


Srinagar State Office

The prefix SS on the Type Numbers stands for the State Office in Srinagar. There was also a British office there (link on home page). Those markings are prefixed with BK, for British Kashmir.



SS1.  Srinagar Frank in orange is known in 7 April 1862. Images Bard.



SS2.  Srinagar Round Seal in orange is known from 23 March 1866 (not in obliterator use at first) and in long obliterator use to 1 November 1877.



SS2a.  Same struck in black as obliterator is known from 22 November 1877 on Kashmir watercolors to 8 August 1879 with New Rectangulars. The preceding image with date 28 ćait 1934 ~ 8 April 1878 lies within that range provided ćait is taken to be the last month of the Hindu year, not the first month.



SS3.  Srinagar Duplex in black appears after 8 August 1879 and is known to 5 May 1887.



SS4.  A registration cachet of this general design may be known for Srinagar. A postal example for Jammu is shown above at SJ10.



SS5.  Postage due (masūl vakī) seal for Srinagar is known over the entire 1879-90 period. Not to be confused with SST2 upscreen, which was used by the Sialkot Agency.



SS6.  Srinagar 9-bar-9 obliterator is known from 22 May 1887 to 16 August 1891. Other 9-bars from unknown offices are shown at the bottom of the screen.



SS7.  The Srinagar Large cds is known from 20 May 1887 to 4 November 1890, and was replaced by 22 December 1890. The top line reads Srinagar.


Leh and Other State Offices


SL1.  The Leh Large Seal obliterator in pale ‘red’ is known from 25 August 1974 to 5 April 1879. The scan is a detail from an 1879 cover in the Jaiswal collection that bears anomalous late usage of old rectangulars in Ladakh. The two strikes in black are the Srinagar seal SS2a.


SL1a.  The Leh Large Seal struck in ‘black’ as a transit marking. The latest reporting so far is this wondrously clear example from a 17 December 1882 cover in the Jaiswal collection.



SL2.  The Gilgit duplex is known on a 18 March 1882 Leh cover, and is last recorded on August 1890. It is not known for postal use at Gilgit itself. The Ladakh duplex itself (next) was not known in postal use at Leh.


SL2a.  For Ladakh, but is unknown on cover.



SSK1.  Duplex for Skardu. It is recorded only on undated 1883 rectangulars.



SAN1.  For Anant Nag, known from 27 October 1883 to December 1890.
SAN1a. The variant in purple, seen in 1884 and 1890.



SB1.  For Baramulla, known from July 1886 to 12 January 1891.



SBD1.  For Bandpura, known on early-state of the State postcard for 25 April 1891.



On left the 10-bar obliterator B, possibly for Gulmarg, known from 12 August 1887 to May 1893. On right, the 10-bar obliterator C for Kotli, known from 28 May 1892 to 25 February 1894. Its latest date shows sorting use. The 10-bar Obliterator A is for Jammu, shown upscreen under SJ8.


Unidentified State Offices


9-bar-2.  25 August 1890 to 15 June 1891. Also in purple.
9-bar-3.  From 15 June 1890 to 14 August 1891.
9-bar-4.  Known on 22 April 1890 (drawing Bard).
9-bar-8.  Mentioned (Masson’s fish-hook) as in postal use.



9-bar-5.  A provisional sighting, the first reported in postal use. The central numeral is to be compared with that in the accompanying Staal-Sharma strike. The date on the piece is S1945, corresponding to April 1888 to April 1889.



9-bar-6.  From an unknown venue in Jammu province on 12 maghar [1947] ~ 26 November 1890. The letter arrived at Jammu (the town) on 15 maghar according to the Jammu cds on the left-hand side. What looks to be a curious downward extension of the tail at the bottom of the Dogri numeral 6 is not part of the design, just a wayward splash of ink. Another sighting of the rare 9-bar-6 is attested for 17 October 1890.



9-bar-7.  Perhaps the latest sighting in black is for October 1891. In purple as a sorting stamp is from a postcard dated 4 January 1891.



9-bar-9.  Of Srinagar, known from 22 May 1887 to 16 August 1891. It is type SS6 shown upscreen, and shown here again to complete the 9-bar series.

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